Fossils found in Africa show the existence of ”man-apes” about a million years ago. The first discovery of these fossils was in 1924 near Tuangs in South Africa. A skull found there came to be know as the Tuangs ape. A number of other human-like fossils bones and teeth have been found since then in various places in Africa. Present knowledge indicates that all these primitive man-apes may belong to the same group or genus, Australopithecus. The brains of these man-apes were a little larger than gorillas’ but much smaller than those of modern man. Their limb bones suggest that they had an erect posture-an important human trait that freed arms and hands for making tools. in 1959, a discovery in East Africa indicated that an African man-ape actually made an used tools. This man-ape had given the name Zinjanthropus, but anthropologists now believe that it may be only a slightly different variant of previously discovered Australopithecus. Australopithecus has been extinct for many thousands of years. His connection with modern Africans is no closer than with modern Europeans or Asians. If he is not direct ancestor of modern man, he is undoubtedly similar to any ancestor of humans who lived at the same period.